The Center for Turbulence Research invites applications for participation in its 17th biennial Summer Program. The objective of the Summer Program is to promote development and evaluation of new ideas in fluid mechanics with emphasis on turbulent flows. It is expected that the novel concepts and preliminary results generated during the Summer Program will be of sufficiently high caliber to lead to journal publications and to provide grounds for opening new lines of research in the participants' home institutions.
In recent years a significant numb... Read More
The flamelet-based chemistry tabulation technique is a popular reduced-order model for non-premixed turbulent flames. In this approach, the one-dimensional flamelet equations are solved, and thermo-chemical quantities are tabulated with respect to the mixture fraction and either its scalar dissipation rate or a progress variable. In generating the individual flamelets to populate the chemical table, the correct choice of the species Lewis numbers plays an important role. Experimental observations have shown that, in turbulent non-premixed jet flames, the effect of turbulent transport on the... Read More
In this talk, Dr. Zhu will present "the newest results" on fully developed Rayleigh-Bénard turbulence. For the first time in numerical simulations we find the transition to the ultimate regime, namely at Ra*= 10^13. We reveal how the emission of thermal plumes enhances the global heat transport, leading to a steeper increase of the Nusselt number than the classical Malkus scaling. Beyond the transition, the temperature profiles are only locally logarithmic, namely within the regions where plumes are emitted, and where the local Nusselt number has an effective scaling exponent of 0.38 with r... Read More
At first sight, walls appear as the most relevant ingredient in turbulence confined or limited by solid surfaces, and it seems plausible to assume that they should be the origin and organizing agent of wall-bounded turbulence. Consequently, many efforts have been devoted to understand the structure of turbulence in the vicinity of walls. Particularly interesting is the region within the so-called log-layer, where most of the dissipation resides in the asymptotic limit of infinite Reynolds number.
In the present work, the role of the wall and mean momentum transfer on the outer laye... Read More
Turbulence modeling has traditionally relied heavily on the eddy viscosity concept relating turbulent fluxes to local gradients. Important deficiencies of the eddy viscosity concept include its inability to capture non-local and memory effects of turbulence. This has motivated recent interest in exploring how fractional derivatives (derivatives with non-integer order) may be helpful in generalizing the eddy viscosity concept to include non-local effects. Building on the speculative work of Chen (Chaos 16, 023126, 2006), a recent study by Epps & Cushman-Roisin has provided a systematic d... Read More
The minimal seeds (the disturbance with the lowest energy which triggers turbulence) for plane shear flows have been captured by the variational method dealing with the nonlinear Navier-Stokes equations. The subcritical transition of plane Poiseuille flow and the fluid structures of minimal seed are explored in the Reynolds number range 1500 ≤ Re ≤ 5000, the energy threshold of minimal seed scales Re-3 with respect to Re which agrees well with the theoretical prediction and the direct numerical simulations. The minimal seeds and the generated coherent structures corresponding to... Read More
It is well known that the transition from a laminar to a turbulent flow takes place in a rigid tube takes place at a Reynolds number of about 2100, and in a rigid channel at a Reynolds number of about 1200. Experimental results are presented to show that the transition Reynolds number could be as low as low as 200 in micro-channels of height 100 microns with a soft wall, provided the elasticity modulus of the wall is sufficiently low. At the point of transition, motion is observed in the walls of the channel/tube, indicating that the instability is caused by a dynamical coupling between the... Read More
Large-eddy simulation (LES) has gained significant importance as a high-fidelity technique for the numerical resolution of complex turbulent flow. The low-pass filtering of the conservation equations significantly reduces the computational cost of solving turbulence, however, at the expense of modeling the subgrid-scale (SGS) physics. In consequence, the assumptions introduced in the closure formulations may result in potential sources of structural uncertainty that can affect the quantities of interest (QoI), especially in multi-physics phenomena, e.g., combustion processes and interfacial... Read More