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Flow and Ignition Dynamics Following Laser-induced Breakdowns

Event Type: 
Date and Time: 
Friday, November 20, 2020 - 16:30
Event Sponsor: 
Parviz Moin, Director of Center for Turbulence Research
Dr. Jonathan Wang

Laser-induced breakdown is a versatile means of depositing energy in a fluid and a promising alternative to conventional electrode-spark ignition for combustion systems.  Using numerical simulations we analyze the flow dynamics following the laser pulse and show that it is sensitive to even subtle alterations in the plasma kernel, which lead to qualitative changes in the flow pattern and ejections of hot gas from the laser focal region.  This sensitivity is leveraged in a dual-pulse configuration, in which the timing and positioning of the pulses can be controlled to enhance dispersal of hot gas and increase the burning rate of nascent flames.  In an inhomogeneous mixture, it is further shown that the rapid plasma expansion can produce ignition-suppressing flow so pronounced in some cases that ignition fails.  The dependence of these hydrodynamics on electron recombination and diffusion is also assessed.

Dr. Jonathan Wang is a Postdoctoral Fellow in the PSAAP III project at the Center for Turbulence Research at Stanford University. He received his B.S. at the University of California Berkeley and completed his PhD at the University of Illinois Urbana−Champaign, where he worked in the PSAAP II Center and was advised by Jonathan Freund. His research interests include high-speed compressible flows, combustion dynamics, and chemically reacting flows.