Direct combustion noise plays a key role in the triggering and dynamics of thermo-acoustic instabilities of modern gas turbines. Moreover, many combustion devices can produce high levels of noise, while being subjected to stringent noise regulations. Achieving a better understanding of the sound production by premixed flames is important for designing safer and quieter combustion devices. The presented research has for goals to study the mechanisms involved in the sound generation process of turbulent premixed jet flames using DNS. State of the art post-processing methods are used to analyze the importance of shear layer structures and flame `annihilation events’ to the generated sound. The impact of chemistry modelling on combustion noise is also studied and differences between simple and complex mechanisms are investigated.